Among wheelchair users with spinal cord injury, 42% reported adverse consequences related to needing wheelchair repair, and over 50% reported needing repairs within the last 6 months, according to a team of experts in spinal cord injury rehabilitation, in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

The research team, comprised of investigators from the Spinal Cord Injury Model System, determined that this ongoing problem requires action such as higher standards of wheelchair performance, access to faster repair service, and enhanced user training on wheelchair maintenance and repair.

Denise C. Fyffe, PhD, and Trevor A. Dyson-Hudson, MD, of Kessler Foundation co-authored this manuscript with Lynn A. Worobey, PhD, DPT, ATP (lead author), and Michael L. Boninger, MD, of University of Pittsburgh and Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System; Allen W. Heinemann, PhD, of Shirley Ryan Ability Lab; Kim D. Anderson, PhD, of MetroHealth Rehabilitation Institute; and Theresa Berner, OTR/L, ATP, of The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, per a media release from Kessler Foundation.

A Lifeline, But Breakdowns Are Common

For many people with spinal cord injury, wheelchairs are a lifeline. Yet research shows that up to 88% of wheelchair users experience a failure, leaving them without a means to get to work, attend medical appointments or educational classes, or maintain a social life outside the home. In some cases, wheelchair failure can result in injury, with breakdowns making people with spinal cord injury almost twice as likely to be re-hospitalized than those with a working wheelchair.

Currently, there are no clinical or industry standards for expected wheelchair maintenance, and few wheelchair users are trained in wheelchair maintenance. This lack of official guidance prevents the implementation of best practices that could significantly reduce adverse consequences related to wheelchair breakdown and time for repair.

Survey About Recent Experiences

In this study, researchers surveyed 533 wheelchair users at nine Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems Centers located across the United States about their experience over the prior 6 months. The research team aimed to determine how often people require wheelchair repairs, and what the consequences were of needing a repair; how long these consequences were experienced; and whether any trends emerged regarding which users, or which types of wheelchairs, are more likely to need repair.

“We identified a range of adverse consequences of being without a wheelchair that aligned with the lived experience of wheelchair users. The list includes being stranded outside the home or in the home, getting an injury, missing work, school, or a medical appointment, or missing other social events. Our hope is that by finding out more about the most common reasons people need repairs, we can take targeted action to reduce the incidence of repair and the associated cost and other consequences.”

— co-author Trevor A. Dyson-Hudson, MD, co-director of the Northern New Jersey Spinal Cord Injury System

Adverse Consequences

The results demonstrated that more than 50% of wheelchair users needed wheelchair repairs within the last 6 months, with significant associated financial cost and personal consequences. Power wheelchair users and those who were Black were more likely to experience repairs and consequences. For many, consequences lasted for more than 2 weeks.

Furthermore, adverse consequences appear to hit those most vulnerable with the least financial resources, including users who rely on public insurance. Many participants reported that the cost of repair limited participation inside and outside the home, so as to reduce the risk of damaging the wheelchair. Others reported that the cost of repair prevented them from repairing the wheelchair altogether, Kessler Foundation continues in the release.

“Based on what we learned in the survey, there are some simple measures, such as providing a borrowed wheelchair to people so they have mobility while their chair is being repaired, that could reduce the adverse consequences,” Dyson-Hudson adds. “Other facilitators include increasing the speed of repairs, training people in wheelchair maintenance, and routinely scheduling follow-up appointments after a repair is made, so any subsequent problems can be caught early.”

[Source(s): Kessler Foundation, EurekAlert]

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